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Indian Scientists

India has a rich history of scholars and scientists whose work has been highly appreciated across the globe. Some Indian scientists created history by changing the world and setting benchmarks of innovation.

Jagadish Chandra Bose

30 November 1858
23 November 1937
Botanists,Physicists

J.C. Bose was a man of many talents he was a polymath, physicist, biologist, botanist and an archaeologist. He was the first person to use semiconductor junctions to detect radio signals, thus demonstrating wireless communication for the first time. Read More

M Visvesvaraya

15 September 1861
12 April 1962
’Automatic sluice gates’ and ‘Block irrigation system’

Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was a notable Indian scientist, engineer, scholar, statesman and the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918. He was the recipient of the Indian Republic’s highest honor, the Bharat Ratna. Read More

Srinivasa Ramanujan

22 December 1887
26 April 1920
Mathematical Analysis,Number Theory

Srinivasa Ramanujan was an Indian mathematician who made significant contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, and continued fractions. What made his achievements really extraordinary was the fact that he received almost no formal training in pure mathematics and started working on his own mathematical research in isolation Read More

C V Raman

7 November 1888
21 November 1970
Raman Effect

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was an Indian physicist born in the former Madras Province in India presently the state of Tamil Nadu, who carried out ground-breaking work in the field of light scattering. Read More

Janaki Ammal

4 November 1897
7 February 1984
Botanists

Janaki Ammal Edavalath Kakkat was an Indian botanist who conducted scientific research in cytogenetics and phytogeography. Her most notable work involves those on sugarcane and the eggplant. She has collected various valuable plants of medicinal and economic value from the rain forests of Kerala. Read More

Homi J Bhabha

30 October 1909
24 January 1966
Theoretical physicist, best known as the chief architect of the Indian atomic energy program.

Homi Jehangir Bhabha was an Indian nuclear physicist, founding director, and professor of physics at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Read More

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

19 October 1910
21 August 1995
Evolutionary stages of massive stars

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar FRS was an Indian American astrophysicist who spent his professional life in the United States. He was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics with William A. Fowler for "...theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars". Read More

APJ Abdul Kalam

15 October 1931
27 July 2015
India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, born on October 15, 1931 is an Indian scientist who worked as an Aerospace engineer with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Read More

Dr Vikram Sarabhai

12 August 1919
30 December 1971
Indian Space programme

Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was an Indian scientist and innovator widely regarded as the father of India's space programme. Sarabhai received the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Medal in 1962. The nation honoured him awarding Padma Bhushan in 1966 and Padma Vibhushan in 1972. Read More

Birbal Sahni

14 November 1891
10 April 1949
Paleobotanist known for his research on the fossils of the Indian subcontinent.

Birbal Sahni FRS was an Indian paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent. He also took an interest in geology and archaeology. He founded what is now the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany at Lucknow in 1946. Read More

M. S. Swaminathan

7 August 1925
Green Revolution program

Dr. M.S. Swaminathan is a renowned Indian geneticist and administrator, who made a stellar contribution in the success of India's Green Revolution program, the program went a long way in making India self-sufficient in wheat and rice production. He was deeply influenced by his father who was a surgeon and social reformer. Read More

Satyendra Nath Bose

1 January 1894
4 February 1974
Qualities of Electromagnetic Radiation.

Satyendra Nath Bose was an eminent physicist after whom ‘Bosons’, one of the two classes of particles in quantum mechanics, was named. He was a self-taught scholar who rose to prominence during the 1920s for his work on quantum mechanics and went on to work with the renowned German physicist, Albert Einstein. Read More

Prafulla Chandra Ray

2 August 1861
16 June 1944
Famous academician and chemist, known for being the founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals, India’s first pharmaceutical company.

Prafulla Chandra Ray was an eminent Indian scientist who is hailed as the “Father of Indian pharmaceuticals”. His work on the nitrites and hyponitrites of metals, especially mercury, earned him fame worldwide. Read More

Har Gobind Khorana

9 January 1922
9 November 2011
Biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in 1968 for demonstrating how the nucleotides in nucleic acids control the synthesis of proteins.

Har gobind khorana was an Indian American biochemist. While on the faculty of the University of Wisconsin, he shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for research that showed the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell and control the cell’s synthesis of proteins. Read More

Meghnad Saha

6 October 1893
16 February 1956
Astrophysicist who developed the Saha equation, which explains chemical and physical conditions in stars.

Meghnad Saha was an eminent Indian astrophysicist who gave the world the theory of ionization which explained the origin of stellar spectra. By becoming one of the world’s most renowned scientists of his time. Read More