Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu

13 February 1879
2 March 1949

Sarojini Naidu; Chattopadhyay, was an Indian independence activist and poet. She was born in a Bengali Hindu family at Hyderabad and was educated in Chennai, London, and Cambridge. She married Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu and settled down in Hyderabad. She took part in the National Movement, became a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and fought for the attainment of Swaraj. She became the President of Indian National Congress and later she was appointed to the Governor of the United Provinces, now Uttar Pradesh. Known as the 'Nightingale of India'.

This great leader and freedom fighter used to write poems and also sing very well. Sarojini Naidu began writing poems in English while she was still in school. With the help and inspiration of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, she found her way into the politics of India. She got closely involved with the freedom movement of the INC (Indian National Congress).

She became a member of the Royal Literary Society London. She also became the President of the Indian National Congress. Sarojini Naidu took active part in the Civil Disobedience Movement, Satyagraha Movement and the Quit India Movement. She was also sent to jail several times.

Gandhiji respected her. She represented him in various foreign countries. In 1919, she went to England. From 1922 to 1926, she was in South Africa to work for Indians there. Later, she went to America. She was the first woman President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 at the Kanpur session.

She was also the first Indian woman to become Governor of any State in India. Sarojini Naidu passed away on 2nd March 1949. She has left a great name for herself in the History of India.